As we approach the much-under celebrated ‘peak’ that is Father’s Day (I am hoping my kids are reading this!), we take a look at how the image of the ‘Dad’ has changed over the years.
Archive analysis of Father’s Day cards by Clintons, the national gift and card retailer, shows the extent to which dads’ roles have shifted in the modern home.
Depictions of dads as aloof, pipe-smoking, newspaper-reading, besuited men ‘enthroned’ by the fireplace have disappeared from all cards, with the exception of parody cards, and have been replaced by casually-dressed, soft-in-the-middle, sofa-dwelling figures, often likened to Darth Vader and far more likely to be comically inept.
Clintons looked at thousands of depictions of dads on Father’s Day cards since the 1950s.
- Dads appear to have put on 10-15 kilos in body weight
- Dads have dressed down
- Dads’ leisure time preferences have shifted from reading the paper in slippers on an armchair to barbecuing or watching the football on the sofa with a drink
- Dads have a much stronger emotional connection with their kids are often the subject of affectionate jokes
A typical poem from the inside of a card 50 years ago would read
“You can sit in your shirt sleeves
Today if you choose
Get by without shaving
And leave off your shoes;
Get first whack at the paper
And have your own way:
Eat, drink, and be merry
Today’s YOUR big day!”
Today, a typical greeting would read
For my No.1 Dad
Thanks to you, I learned at an early age how to Save My Money…
…I used YOURS instead!
Have a Great Father’s Day
In 50 years, dads have put on around 15 kilos, and are far less likely to be depicted behind the wheel of speed boats or sports cars or scoring the winning goal. They are, though, more likely to have a strong emotional connection with their children.
According to Clintons’ analysis, there have been five phases of Father’s Day cards in the last 50 years:
- The formal phase [mid to late-1960s]: the slightly austere dad, sitting in an armchair in a three-piece suit and tie, smoking a pipe and reading the paper whilst family attend to his every need.
- The undo-the-tie phase [late 1960s to early 1970s]: characterised by cards that invite dads to abandon the razor and the tie for a day of ‘indulgence’.
- The Walter Mitty phase [early 1970s to 1980]: Dads as sporting icons or adventure sports enthusiasts, jumping from planes, piloting speed boats, driving racing cars or scoring the winning goal.
- The cute bear phase [early to late 1980s]: softer dads, more approachable and emotional.
- The anything goes phase [late 1980s to today]: today’s dads – ready to the subject of jokes, more likely to be comically inept, occasionally likened to Darth Vader, ribbed for their fondness for beer or fast food. More likely to lying on the sofa and catching forty winks than loosening their tie. Frequently the source of loans, a 1% chance of being Darth Vader, depicted, variously, as dogs, pineapples, gorillas, leopards, teddy bears, tortoises, lions, bears, elephants, crocodiles, donkeys, parrots and frogs; a 2% chance of being seen as a superhero; a 1% chance of displaying ‘builders’ cleavage’.
Tim Fairs, a director at Clintons, said: “Dads have always been treated affectionately in cards, but in the last decade we’ve seen reverence replaced with anything goes humour. Some traditionalists might bristle at this, but the reality is that the humour shows how accessible and important dads are to their kids and that’s a cause for celebration.”
A brief history of Father’s Day:
Father’s Day originated in the Middle Ages. It was then observed on 19 March, as the feast day of Saint Joseph, who is referred to as the fatherly Nutritor Domini (“Nourisher of the Lord”) in Catholicism and “the putative father of Jesus” in southern European tradition.
The modern version of Father’s Day emerged in the US in the early 1900s. Harry C. Meek, a member of Lions Clubs International, claimed to have first come up with the modern idea for Father’s Day in 1915. Meek rather immodestly chose the third Sunday in June because it was his birthday.
On June 19, 1910, a Father’s Day celebration was held at the YMCA in Spokane, Washington by Sonora Smart Dodd. Her father, the civil war veteran William Jackson Smart, was a single parent who raised his six children there. Although she initially suggested June 5, her father’s birthday, the pastors at her church did not have enough time to prepare their sermons, and the celebration was deferred to the third Sunday in June. Several local clergy accepted the idea, and on June 19, 1910, the first Father’s Day sermons honouring fathers were given.
In the 1930s, Dodd started promoting the celebration again, raising awareness at a national level. She had the not altogether altruistic help of those trade groups that would benefit most from the holiday, including tie and tobacco pipe manufacturers. By 1938, she had the help of the Father’s Day Council, founded by the New York Associated Men’s Wear Retailers.
In 1966, US President Lyndon B. Johnson issued the first presidential proclamation honouring fathers, designating the third Sunday in June as Father’s Day. Six years later, the day was finally made a permanent national holiday in the US when President Richard Nixon signed it into law in 1972.